What’s the difference between Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals?
Special thanks to John Hawthorne for some answers to this question. Be sure to see this information in its entirety HERE. There is a youtube video at the end that helps explain it too.
Ferrous Metal Examples
Ferrous Metal Qualities/Uses
Given their strong properties, many of these metals are employed in projects that require durability and strength. That’s why they’re used in cars and other forms of transportation, construction, shipping, piping, railroad tracks, and many tools.
Additionally, they tend to be highly magnetic, so that is why a stainless-steel pair of scissors or refrigerator door can attract a magnet so easily. However, because of high carbon content, ferrous metals will rust easily when exposed to moisture. The only exceptions are stainless steel (because of its high chromium content) and wrought iron.
Nonferrous Metal Examples
Nonferrous Metal Qualities/Uses
The lack of iron in nonferrous metals makes them ideal for uses that require repeated exposure to water and the elements of nature, so gutters, pipes, roofing parts, parts of ships, and even street and highway signs are often made of these metals.
They are also highly malleable, which makes shaping them into a finished product much easier and faster. Because of their lack of magneticity, these metals are well-suited to electronic uses like in wiring.
Finally, since nonferrous metals are very light but extremely strong, they tend to be used in industries where great strength and extreme light weight is necessary, such as with airplanes and canning machines.
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